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Ohio State Parks

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USA Parks
Southeast Ohio Region
Big Bottom State Memorial Park
Cardinal ©
Afternoon Hike ©
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2741 OH-266
Stockport, Ohio   43787
(lat:39.5331 lon:-81.7737) map location

Phone: (740) 559-2411
The Big Bottom State Memorial Park in Ohio is a unique and historically significant site that pays homage to the aftermath of a devastating Native American attack on European settlers in 1791. Nestled within a picturesque countryside, the park features a serene setting with rolling hills, lush greenery, and the shimmering waters of the Muskingum River. The park serves as a reminder of the tragic events that unfolded here, providing visitors with informative exhibits and interpretive panels that shed light on the clash between cultures. With its peaceful ambiance and historical significance, the Big Bottom State Memorial Park offers a space for reflection, education, and appreciation of Ohio's rich heritage.
History of the Area
Big Bottom State Memorial Park, located in Stockport, Ohio, has a significant historical background. It commemorates an important event known as the Big Bottom Massacre, which occurred during the early years of American settlement in the region.

In the late 18th century, after the American Revolutionary War, settlers started spreading into the Northwest Territory (now Ohio). In 1788, a group of pioneers, primarily from New England, established the settlement of United States Army Captain John Doughty. This community, located in the Ohio Valley, had a promising location for farming and fur trading.

However, the Native American tribes in the area, particularly the Wyandot and Delaware tribes, were not pleased with the rapid influx of settlers and the encroachment on their ancestral lands. Tensions between the settlers and Native Americans continued to rise over the following years.

On January 2, 1791, a group of around 20 Wyandot and Delaware warriors attacked the Big Bottom settlement. The settlers were caught off guard, and the attack resulted in the deaths of 11 men, women, and children. Five settlers managed to escape and reached nearby Marietta to seek help.

The massacre at Big Bottom shocked the region and highlighted the dangers faced by settlers during the early years of westward expansion. The event had a profound impact on the Connecticut Land Company, which owned the land where the massacre took place. It led to increased calls for military protection and further negotiations with Native American tribes.

In 1937, the Ohio Historical Society (now the Ohio History Connection) acquired the site of the Big Bottom Massacre and established it as a state memorial park. Today, Big Bottom State Memorial Park offers visitors the opportunity to explore the area's history through interpretive signage, monuments, and a reconstructed blockhouse. The park also serves as a reminder of the hardships faced by early settlers and the conflicts between Native Americans and European settlers during this period.

Big Bottom State Memorial Park is located near Athens, Vienna and Zanesville

Visitor Comments, Memories and Reviews
October 17 Ready for Visitors by Ohio History Fan
park review stars; one to five Big Bottom State Memorial has been cleaned up since thunderstorms and vandalism took a toll on this historic site. Today, Oct. 17, 2010, it is being rededicated by the Ohio Historical Society.
August 22 A park in need of major repair by Gregory A Eads
park review stars; one to five Trees and limbs down all over the site, some knocking over the fence in sections. Park is run down and was a disappointment after having travelled many miles to get there. Needs to be restored. Thank you
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Area Accommodations (over 20 miles away)
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Cottages and Cabins
Trickle Creek offers luxury cabins in Hocking Hills. The cabins are situated on nearly 236 acres of secluded cabin rentals in the deep wooded ravines in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in Hocking County, Ohio.
40 miles from park*
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Hidden Cave Cabin - Rockbridge, OH
Cottages and Cabins
Hidden Cave Cabin is an authentic log cabin with 2 bedrooms in a private wooded setting. It is located on one of the most scenic drives in Hocking Hills and just 3.6 miles to Rock House and less than 10 miles to Conkle's Hollow and Old Man's Cave.
43.6 miles from park*
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Ohio State Parks